The earliest studies of natural phenomena date back hundreds of years before Christ.
From Ancient Greece, man seeks to understand the workings of nature and seeks in science these explanations. Currently, physics operates in various branches of industry, technology, power generation and others.
Below is a history of some of the most important topics in physics evolution from Leucipo to quarks detection:
- 5th century BC The Greek philosopher Leucippus develops the theory that the matter of all bodies is made up of infinitely small particles called atoms.
- 3rd century BC Aristotle devised a philosophical system for explaining the movement of bodies and the surrounding physical world. For Aristotle, any and all matter was composed of four elements: Earth, Water, Air, and Fire, and these elements had definite positions in the universe. The natural place of fire and air was always above the natural place of water and earth. In this way it explained why a stone and rain fall: their natural places were earth and water. Similarly, smoke and steam rise in search of their natural places above ground. Aristotle also elaborated on several other natural science theories that were accepted until the Renaissance.
- 3rd century BC - Greek thinker Archimedes deduced many correct descriptions of hydrostatics when, as history tells, he noticed that his own body displaced a volume of water while he was taking a shower one day.
- 1025 - Arab Alhazen (965-1039) studies optical phenomena and proposes that human eyes function as light-collecting lenses. It states that people only see because they are able to detect light that is reflected by other objects. He has written numerous notable works for his style and for his observations on the phenomena of light refraction, with particular focus on atmospheric refraction at sunrise and sunset.
- 1269 - Dating from August 8, 1269, Pierre Pèlerin de Maricourt wrote a paper known as the Epistle of the Magneto, which explains how to identify the poles of a compass. It also describes the laws of magnetic attraction and repulsion, as well as the description of compasses, one of which could direct your steps to cities and islands and anywhere in the world.
- 1510 - For the first time on record, Nicholas Copernicus's Heliocentric theory is presented in his work Commentariolus.
- 1543 - Nicholas Copernicus publishes a work on the revolutions of celestial bodies around the Sun.
- 1589 - Galileo Galilei begins the study of the movement of the pendulum by determining that its period does not depend on mass but only on the length of the wire. He was the first to think that this phenomenon would make it possible to make much more accurate clocks, and at the end of his life worked on the escape mechanism that would later give rise to the grandfather clock. Also in Pisa he carried out his famous experiments on falling bodies on inclined planes. In these shows that the speed of fall does not depend on weight.
- 1647 - Blaise Pascal enunciates the first works on vacuum and demonstrated the variations in atmospheric pressure.