Robert Boyle was born in Lismore, Ireland, on January 25, 1627. He is known for his research on gases. Studied at Eton College from 1635 to 1639.
He read a lot about Galileo's work on a five-year European tour with a private tutor, which began in 1639 when he was only 12 years old.
He stayed for a while in Switzerland and then went to Dorset in England. There he began his experimental studies and wrote moral essays. In 1656, he lived in Oxford where he collaborated with Hooke.
It is considered one of the founders of Modern Chemistry. He questioned the ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle, whose theories had been discovered in the fourteenth century by Italian thinkers. He did not agree with Aristotle's idea of the four elements earth, air, fire, and water. He argued that matter was composed of corpuscles, which themselves were constructed differently from different preliminary particle configurations. His work in chemistry was oriented towards establishing it as a mathematical science based on a mechanistic theory of matter.
Boyle was a Christian and tried to use science to prove his beliefs. In 1662 established Boyle's Law. This law established that at constant temperature the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to the pressure. This means that when one increases, the other decreases.
He was one of the founding members of the Royal Society of London. Boyle influenced many other scientists who came later, such as Isaac Newton. He died on December 30, 1691 in London.