1 | initial version |

The problem is maybe the "unexpected twist", when we want to control it. (For finite fields we can also let sage do the job without twisting parameter, but usually, i want to have the control on it.) If this is rather the question, here is some answer.

We start with an elliptic curve with $a_1=a_3=0$ over some field of characteristic $\ne 2,3$. Then this is the curve:
$$
E\ :\ y^2=x^3+a_2x^2+a_4x+a_6\ ,
$$
and one associates $b_2=4a_2$, $b_4=2a_4$, $b_6=4a_6$, so that the equation is also:
$$
E\ :\ y^2=x^3+\frac{b_2}4x^2+\frac{b_4}2x+\frac{b_6}4\ .
$$
Now we look in the implementation of the method `quadratic_twist`

via `E.quadratic_twist??`

e.g. after the elliptic curve instance in the OP was done with success and see the lines:

```
if char!=2:
b2,b4,b6,b8=self.b_invariants()
# E is isomorphic to [0,b2,0,8*b4,16*b6]
return EllipticCurve(K,[0,b2*D,0,8*b4*D**2,16*b6*D**3])
```

where `D`

is the "twisting parameter", since we want to control the twist.

Well, there is not too much spacing (and reference) in the code for my taste, but we can extract the information, that the following is the returned twist, using $b$-parameters in an $a$-parameter initialization:

$$E'\ :\ Y^2 = X^3 + 4D\; a_2X^2+(4D)^2\; a_4X+(4D)^3\; a_6\ .
$$
This was many times unexpected for me. Now let us consider a special example in small fields, say $\Bbb F_p=$`GF(409)`

.
In it, $7$ and $11$ are not squares.
Then we may pass from $E:\ y^2=x^3+x$ to the twist $E_d:\ y^2=x^3+d^2x$, via

```
E.quadratic_twist( d/4 )
```

(with a "twist of the twisting parameter")

and for $d$ taking some small values we can write some testing `sage`

code as follows:

```
sage: F = GF(409)
sage: E = EllipticCurve(F, [1,0])
sage: for d in [1..19]:
....: Ed = E.quadratic_twist(d/4)
....: print ( "d=%2s :: Square? %5s :: |Ed|=%s :: E ~ Ed? %s"
....: % (d, F(d).is_square(), Ed.order(), E.is_isomorphic(Ed)) )
....:
d= 1 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d= 2 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d= 3 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d= 4 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d= 5 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d= 6 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d= 7 :: Square? False :: |Ed|=404 :: E ~ Ed? False
d= 8 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d= 9 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d=10 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d=11 :: Square? False :: |Ed|=404 :: E ~ Ed? False
d=12 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d=13 :: Square? False :: |Ed|=404 :: E ~ Ed? False
d=14 :: Square? False :: |Ed|=404 :: E ~ Ed? False
d=15 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d=16 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d=17 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d=18 :: Square? True :: |Ed|=416 :: E ~ Ed? True
d=19 :: Square? False :: |Ed|=404 :: E ~ Ed? False
sage: Ed
Elliptic Curve defined by y^2 = x^3 + 361*x over Finite Field of size 409
sage: 19^2
361
```

The last curve in the loop was printed.

I often have this problem, and always look in the code, get that `8*b4*D**2`

or `16*b6*D**3`

in the position i expect something else, go to the formula for `b4`

and `b6`

in Ian Connell's book, write the $(4D)^2$, respectively $(4D)^3$ on a piece of paper, write my code with `d/4`

instead of `d`

, and comment it also to have it done for the next time.

In your case now, things should work in the same way, the prints are but rather hard to trace back.

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